Thursday, September 24, 2009

Exercise: Functional Location 2

Display the functional location 01-B02.
  • What is the name of the maintenance plant?
  • To which cost center is the functional location assigned?
  • Who is the person responsible for the cost center?
  • What is the main work center called?

Exercise: Technical Objects: Functional Location

At the conclusion of these exercises, you will be able to:
  •  Display the structure of functional locations
  •  Explain how a structure indicator is configured
In order to represent the systems and buildings, you must first consider how to configure the structure and the degree of detail required.

At IDES, the workshops and technical systems should be represented using a hierarchy of functional locations which is defined using a structure indicator.

Displaying the Structure of a Functional Location
Case 1:
Display the structure for clarification plant 01.
Which functional locations are used for the valves in the pump station for biological cleaning?

Wednesday, September 23, 2009

Exercise: Organization of Plant Maintenance

Exercise 1 
Unit: Organization of Plant Maintenance
Topic: Organizational Structures in Plant Maintenance

At the conclusion of these exercises, you will be able to:
  •  Describe the content of the work center master record
  •  List the organizational structures in Plant Maintenance
At IDES (a company name), it must be clarified when PM is implemented which organizational structures in Plant Maintenance should be represented, and how they should be included in the existing structures for Logistics.

Let's Exercise!

If you have access to SAP IDES, you can start practice by follow the cases from this lessons.
SAP IDES – the "Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System" in the R/3 System, represents a model company. It consists of an international group with subsidiaries in several countries. IDES contains application data for various business scenarios that can be run in the SAP System. The business processes in the IDES system are designed to reflect real-life business requirements, and have access to many realistic characteristics. IDES uses easy-to-follow business scenarios to show you the comprehensive functions of the R/3 System. The focal point of IDES, however, is not the functionality itself, but the business processes and their integration.

For all of You who live in Indonesia, you can get IDES access "murah meriah" (very low access fee) from Komputer Teknologi

Data Used in the PM Courses:

Monday, September 21, 2009

Bills of Material (BOM)

 Bills of Material in the company

Bills of material are used for different purposes. The usage depends on the enterprise area, for example:
  • The engineering/design bill of material includes all the elements of the product (from an engineering viewpoint) and contains the technical data. It is usually not dependent on the order.
  • The production bill of material includes the items (from a production viewpoint) and assembly conditions. For the assembly, for example, only items relevant to production with process-oriented data are required.
  • The costing bill of material reproduces the product structure and forms the basis for automatic determination of the material usage costs for a product. Items that are not relevant for costing are not included in this bill of material.
Instead of a uniform bill of material, these areas use "their own" bill of material with area-specific data (for example, production). They only evaluate bills of material containing area-specific data. This results in a targeted bill of material explosion, whereby only the area-specific data is made available. Data selection is controlled using the definition of the bill of material usage. A determination sequence by bill of material usage is defined in Customizing for selecting the correct bill of material for an application.

Bills of Material in Plant Maintenance

The maintenance bill of material differs from other BOMs in that it only contains items relevant to Plant Maintenance.

The maintenance bill of material has three important functions:
  • Structuring of the object : The structure of an object should be displayed as clearly as possible from a maintenance viewpoint.
  • Spare parts planning in the order: If a bill of material exists for a technical object, it can be used during the planning process of a maintenance order for the purpose of spare parts identification and planning.
  • Spare parts planning in the task list: Spare parts can be planned in the task list based on a bill of material.
Three are three categories of maintenance bill of material:
  • Material BOM
  • Equipment BOM
  • Functional location BOM

Bills of Material: Example of Material BOM

Material BOMs are always used in Plant Maintenance if a number of similarly constructed objects have to be maintained. The aim is not to create a bill of material for each technical object, but to create just one bill of material and then assign this to the technical objects. This avoids the use of redundant bills of material.

A material BOM is a bill of material that is first created for a material independently of a technical object. To do this, you must:
  • Create a material
  • Create a material BOM for the material
The bill of material can then be assigned to one or more technical objects (equipment or functional location). You can make the assignment(s) in the respective technical object master record using the Structure view. The number of the corresponding material is entered in the Construction type field.

Thursday, September 10, 2009

Technical Objects in PM: Equipment


A piece of equipment is an individual physical object that is to be maintained as an autonomous unit.

Pieces of equipment usually represent single objects (for example, pumps, motors, vehicles), for which maintenance tasks should be recorded.

Equipment can be installed at functional locations.

Criteria for Equipment Master Record

You should always create an equipment master record for a technical object if:
  • You need to manage individual data for the object
  • Breakdown, prepared or preventive maintenance tasks are required for an object and must be recorded
  • Technical data for this object must be collected and evaluated over long periods of time
  • The costs of maintenance tasks for this object are to be monitored
  • You need to record the usage time of this object at functional locations

Equipment Master Record

The equipment master record uses the following views in the standard system:
  • General: Class, object type, reference data, and manufacturer data.
  • Location: Location data, address
  • Organization: Account assignment (for example, company code, cost center), responsibilities (for example, maintenance planning plant)
  • Structure: For example, structure indicator, higher-level functional location, equipment
Additional data or links in the master record for the equipment can also be activated as tab pages or
called up using pushbuttons.

You can use the time-based data to monitor a piece of equipment dynamically, that is, track changes
to the equipment over a specific period of time. If your system is customized accordingly, it automatically creates a new time segment whenever certain changes are made in the master record. The time segment describes the equipment usage.

Installation/Dismantling of Equipment

  • Equipment can be installed and dismantled at functional locations.
  • You can monitor the installation times for a piece of equipment from both the functional location view and the equipment view.
Prerequisites for Equipment Installation
Two prerequisites must be fulfilled for a piece of equipment to be installed at a functional location:
  • The equipment category must permit an installation (Customizing).
  • The option "Equipment installation allowed" must be activated in the master record for the functional location. You can restrict this option by using the "Individual installation" option.
 Equipment Usage List (equipment history)
  • The installation locations for equipment are documented within a technical system.
  • The usage list forms part of the equipment history.
  • Equipment usage periods can also be displayed from the functional location view.

Equipment in SAP

Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Technical Objects in PM: Functional Location

In SAP PM technical objects are:
  • Functional Location
  • Equipment

Functional Location:

Functional locations are hierarchically ordered structures that represent a technical system, building, or part thereof.

You can structure the functional location according to spatial (for example, building 1, building 2), technical (for example, press, press frame, press hydraulics), or functional, that is, process-oriented criteria (for example, polymerization, condensation).

The aim of creating a functional location is to structure a technical system or building into units that are relevant for Plant Maintenance.

Criteria for Functional Locations
You should use functional locations to structure your systems if:

  • You want to represent the structures of the technical systems in your company according to functional criteria
  • Maintenance tasks have to be performed for individual areas in the structure of your technical system and this work must or should be recorded
  • Technical data for certain parts of your technical system has to be stored and evaluated over a long period of time
  • The costs of maintenance tasks have to be monitored for certain parts of your technical system
  • You want to analyze what effects the usage conditions have on the the likelihood of damage to the installed equipment

Structure Indicator

The identification for functional locations is created using the structure indicator. The structure
indicator consists of two input fields:
  • Edit mask
  • Hierarchy levels
The edit mask is used to control which characters may be used for identification (letters, numbers, or both) and how these characters are grouped together or split. The hierarchy levels are used to define which level ends at which character and how many hierarchy levels the structure may contain.

A functional location can be identified using a maximum of 40 characters (= maximum length of the edit mask).

Master Record for Functional Location

The master record for the functional location uses the following views:
  • General: Class, object type, reference data, and manufacturer data.
  • Location: Location data, address
  • Organization: Account assignment (for example, company code, cost center), responsibilities (for example, maintenance planning plant)
  • Structure: For example, structure indicator, higher-level functional location, equipment
Additional data or links in the master record for the functional location can also be activated as tab pages or called up using pushbuttons (see graphic).

Automatic Assignment Upon Creation

The structure of the functional location is based on the structure indicator.

If you create a new functional location (for example, C1-M01-2), the system checks whether a hierarchy with this structure indicator already exists and whether the new identification is suitable for the existing hierarchy.

If this is the case, when the new functional location is created, it is included in the existing structure.

Example of Functional Location Structure

In SAP PM screen: