Thursday, September 10, 2009

Technical Objects in PM: Equipment


A piece of equipment is an individual physical object that is to be maintained as an autonomous unit.

Pieces of equipment usually represent single objects (for example, pumps, motors, vehicles), for which maintenance tasks should be recorded.

Equipment can be installed at functional locations.

Criteria for Equipment Master Record

You should always create an equipment master record for a technical object if:
  • You need to manage individual data for the object
  • Breakdown, prepared or preventive maintenance tasks are required for an object and must be recorded
  • Technical data for this object must be collected and evaluated over long periods of time
  • The costs of maintenance tasks for this object are to be monitored
  • You need to record the usage time of this object at functional locations

Equipment Master Record

The equipment master record uses the following views in the standard system:
  • General: Class, object type, reference data, and manufacturer data.
  • Location: Location data, address
  • Organization: Account assignment (for example, company code, cost center), responsibilities (for example, maintenance planning plant)
  • Structure: For example, structure indicator, higher-level functional location, equipment
Additional data or links in the master record for the equipment can also be activated as tab pages or
called up using pushbuttons.

You can use the time-based data to monitor a piece of equipment dynamically, that is, track changes
to the equipment over a specific period of time. If your system is customized accordingly, it automatically creates a new time segment whenever certain changes are made in the master record. The time segment describes the equipment usage.

Installation/Dismantling of Equipment

  • Equipment can be installed and dismantled at functional locations.
  • You can monitor the installation times for a piece of equipment from both the functional location view and the equipment view.
Prerequisites for Equipment Installation
Two prerequisites must be fulfilled for a piece of equipment to be installed at a functional location:
  • The equipment category must permit an installation (Customizing).
  • The option "Equipment installation allowed" must be activated in the master record for the functional location. You can restrict this option by using the "Individual installation" option.
 Equipment Usage List (equipment history)
  • The installation locations for equipment are documented within a technical system.
  • The usage list forms part of the equipment history.
  • Equipment usage periods can also be displayed from the functional location view.

Equipment in SAP


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    Organizational Units and Master Data in Plant Maintenance
    Maintenance Plant and Planning Plant
    Work Centres
    Master Data
    Functional Locations

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